Manjaro Vmware Fusion

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This article is about the latest major VMware versions, meaning VMware Workstation Pro and Player 16, 15, 14 and 12.5.

Configuring Sound in VMware Workstation VMware Workstation provides a Creative Labs Sound Blaster 16 compatible audio device and supports sound in Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows.NET Server and Linux guest operating systems.

Manjaro Vmware Fusion

You may also be interested in VMware/Installing Arch as a guest.

Prerequisites

1. Enable Virtualization through your machine's BIOS/UEFI

Hey all, I just started to use Manjaro Linux. I'm not new to linux but am new to this specific distribution. I got everything up and running in VMWare Fusion, but am having trouble installing open-vm-tools. Developed in Austria, France, and Germany, Manjaro aims to provide all of the benefits of Arch Linux combined with a focus on user-friendliness and accessibility. Available in both 32- and 64-bit versions, Manjaro is suitable for newcomers as well as experienced Linux users. VirtualBox is completely free, while VMware Workstation Player is free for non-commercial use. If you’re using macOS, you’ll experience much better performance with Parallels Desktop than you will with VirtualBox. Mac users can also try VMware Fusion, which should also offer better performance than VirtualBox.

Installation

You can either install using VMware bundle or package vmware-workstationAUR. The latter is preferred if using VMware Workstation on x86_64.

Note:
  • VMware has dropped support for a number of CPUs including early Intel Core i7 CPUs since version 14. Check the Processor Requirements for Host Systems. If your CPU is not supported in the newer releases then you can use vmware-workstation12AUR.

VMware bundle

Install the correct dependencies:

  • fuse2 - for vmware-vmblock-fuse
  • gtkmm - for the GUI
  • linux-headers - for module compilation
  • ncurses (ncurses5-compat-libsAUR for older versions of vmware) - needed by the --console installer
  • libcanberra - for event sounds

Download the latest VMware Workstation Pro or Player (or a beta version, if available).

Start the installation:

Tip: Some useful flags:
  • --eulas-agreed - Skip the EULAs
  • --console - Use the console UI.
  • --custom - Allows changing the install directory to e.g. /usr/local (make sure to update the vmware-usbarbitrator.service paths in #systemd services).
  • -I, --ignore-errors - Ignore fatal errors.
  • --set-setting=vmware-workstation serialNumber XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX - Set the serial number during install (good for scripted installs).
  • --required - Only ask mandatory questions (results in silent install when combined with --eulas-agreed and --console).

For the System service scripts directory, use /etc/init.d (the default).

Note: During the installation you will get an error about 'No rc*.d style init script directories' being given. This can be safely ignored, since Arch uses systemd.
Tip: To (re)build the modules from terminal later on, use:

Package build for x86_64

Install vmware-workstationAUR, vmware-workstation15AUR, vmware-workstation14AUR, vmware-workstation12AUR or vmware-workstation11AUR for respectively versions 16, 15, 14, 12 and 11 of VMware Workstation. It is also necessary to install the appropriate headers package(s) for your installed kernel(s): for example linux-headers or linux-lts-headers.

Then, as desired, enable some of the following services:

  • vmware-networks.service for guest network access (otherwise you will get an error could no connect 'ethernet 0' to virtual network and you will not be able to use vmware-netcfg)
  • vmware-usbarbitrator.service for connecting USB devices to guest
  • vmware-hostd.service for sharing virtual machines (not available since version 16)

Lastly, load the VMware modules:

Configuration

Kernel modules

VMware Workstation 16.0 supports kernel 5.8 out of the box. The older versions presented in this article and their natively supported kernels are as follows: 15.5 (kernels up to 5.4), 14.1.7 (4.18) and 12.5.9 (4.12).

For VMware bundle versions, a collection of patches needed for the VMware host modules to build against recent kernels can be found from the vmware-host-modules GitHub repository. See the INSTALL document found on the repository for the most up-to-date module installation instructions for VMware Workstation versions from 12.5.5 and up.


systemd services

(Optional) Instead of using /etc/init.d/vmware (start stop status restart) and /usr/bin/vmware-usbarbitrator directly to manage the services, you may also use .service files (vmware-usbarbitrator and vmware-networks are also included vmware-workstationAUR with a few differences):

Add this service to enable networking:

Add this service as well, if you want to connect to your VMware Workstation installation from another Workstation Server Console:

After which you can enable them on boot.

Workstation Server service

The vmware-workstation-server.service calls wssc-adminTool in its command chain, despite having been renamed to vmware-wssc-adminTool.

To prevent the service startup, this can be fixed with a symlink:

Launching the application

To open VMware Workstation Pro:

or Player:

Tips and tricks

Entering the Workstation Pro license key

From terminal

Where XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX is your license key.

Note: The -debug binary informs the user of an incorrect license.

From GUI

If the above does not work, you can try:

Extracting the VMware BIOS

Extracting the installer

To view the contents of the installer .bundle:

Using the modified BIOS

If and when you decide to modify the extracted BIOS you can make your virtual machine use it by moving it to ~/vmware/Virtual_machine_name:

then adding the name to the Virtual_machine_name.vmx file:

Enable 3D graphics on Intel and Optimus

Some graphics drivers are blacklisted by default, due to poor and/or unstable 3D acceleration. After enabling Accelerate 3D graphics, the log may show something like:

The config file where you can set this setting is ~/.vmware/preferences.

Note: You might need to add the mks.gl.allowBlacklistedDrivers = 'TRUE' inside the .vmx file for the specific virtual machine as well, for 3D acceleration with intel drivers to be enabled.

Suspend virtual machines before host suspend/hibernate

This article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.

Reason: Rewrite it in bash. (Discuss in Talk:VMware#)

Install ruby and create an executable file /usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/vmware_suspend_all.rb:

See also Power management#Hooks in /usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep, suspend all virtual machines with vmrun and Support for hibernation.

System speedup tricks

See also Improving performance.

Disable transparent hugepages

This article or section is a candidate for merging with Improving performance.

Notes: Not specific to VMware. (Discuss in Talk:VMware#)

If you notice the guest and/or the host frequently freezing when running a VM, you may want to disable transparent hugepages. To disable them for the current session, run (on the host):

To make the change persistent across boots, add the kernel parametertransparent_hugepage=never.

Ensure direct RAM access

By default, VMware writes a running guest system's RAM to a file on disk. If you are certain you have enough spare memory, you can ensure the guest OS writes its memory directly to the host's RAM by adding the following to the VM's .vmx:

Performance tips

To improve the performance of your virtual machine, try the following tips:

Paravirtual SCSI adapter

VMware Paravirtual SCSI (PVSCSI) adapters are high-performance storage adapters for VMware ESXi that can result in greater throughput and lower CPU utilization. PVSCSI adapters are best suited for environments, where hardware or applications drive a very high amount of I/O throughput.

The SCSI adapter type VMware Paravirtual is available in the Virtual Machine settings.

If these settings are not in the virtual machine's configuration, the paravirtual SCSI adapter can still be enabled. Ensure that the paravirtual SCSI adapter is included in the kernel image by modifying the mkinitcpio.conf:

Regenerate the initramfs.

Shut down the virtual machine and change the SCSI adapter: set the .vmx to the following:

Paravirtual network adapter

VMware offers multiple network adapters for the guest OS. The default adapter used is usually the e1000 adapter, which emulates an Intel 82545EM Gigabit Ethernet NIC. This Intel adapter is generally compatible with the built-in drivers across most operating systems, including Arch.

For more performance and additional features (such as multiqueue support), the VMware native vmxnet3 network adapter can be used.

Arch has the vmxnet3 kernel module available with a default install. Once enabled in mkinitcpio (or if it is auto-detected; check by running lsmod grep vmxnet3 to see if it is loaded), shut down and change the network adapter type in the .vmx file to the following:

After changing network adapters, the network and dhcpcd settings will need to be updated to use the new adapter name and MAC address.

The new interface name can be obtained by running ip link.

Virtual machine settings

These settings could help improve the responsiveness of the virtual machine by reducing disk I/O, at the expense of using more host memory. Vmware's KB1008885 provides the following optimizations:

  • mainMem.useNamedFile: This will only work for Windows hosts and this parameter can be used if high disk activity is experienced upon shutting down the virtual machine. This will prevent VMware from creating a .vmem file. Use mainmem.backing = 'swap' on Linux hosts instead.
  • MemTrimRate: This setting prevents that memory which was released by the guest is released on the host also.
  • prefvmx.useRecommendedLockedMemSize: Unfortunately there does not seem to exist a proper explanation for this setting; it seems to prevent the host system from swapping parts of the guest memory.
  • MemAllowAutoScaleDown: Prevents VMware from adjusting the memory size of the virtual machine if it cannot allocate enough memory.
  • sched.mem.pshare.enable: If several virtual machines are running simultaneously, VMware will try to locate identical pages and share these between the virtual machines. This can be very I/O intensive.

The following settings can also be set in the configuration dialog of VMware Workstation(Edit -> Preferences... -> Memory/Priority).

  • prefvmx.minVmMemPct: Sets amount of RAM in percent which should be reserved by the virtual machine on the host system. If this is set to a lower value it is possible to assign the virtual machine more memory than is available in the host system. Be careful though, as in this case it will most likely lead to excessive hard drive usage. If enough RAM is on the host system, this value should be left at 100.
  • mainMem.partialLazySave and mainMem.partialLazyRestore: These two parameters will prevent the virtual machine from creating partial snapshots for suspends. When these parameters are used, virtual machine suspension will take slightly longer, but there should be less hard disk activity from VMware trying to store this information.

Troubleshooting

Kernel headers for version x.y-zzzz were not found. If you installed them[...]

Install the headers (linux-headers).

Manjaro
Note: Upgrading the kernel and the headers will require you to boot to the new kernel to match the version of the headers. This is a relatively common error.

USB devices not recognized

If not using the systemd service to automatically handle the services, you need to manually start the vmware-usbarbitrator binary as root each time.

To start:

To stop:

Incorrect login/password when trying to access VMware remotely

VMware Workstation provides the possibility to remotely manage Shared VMs through the vmware-workstation-server service. However, this will fail with the error 'incorrect username/password' due to incorrect PAM configuration of the vmware-authd service. To fix it, edit /etc/pam.d/vmware-authd like this:

and restart the vmwaresystemd service.

Now you can connect to the server with the credentials provided during the installation.

Note:libxslt may be required for starting virtual machines.

Issues with ALSA output

To fix sound quality issues or enabling proper HD audio output, first run:

If interested in playing 5.1 surround sound from the guest, look for surround51:CARD=vendor_name,DEV=num, if experiencing quality issues, look for front:CARD=vendor_name,DEV=num. Finally put the name in the .vmx:

OSS emulation should also be disabled.

Manjaro

Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is running

To disable KVM on boot, you can use something like:

Tip: If kvm modules continue to load, despite being blacklisted, and you are running a system with integrated Intel graphics (i915,i965), it may be necessary to blacklist the kvmgt kernel module directly from the kernel command line options. See Kernel module#Using kernel command line_2 for more details.

Module Issues

/dev/vmmon not found

The full error is:

This means that at least the vmmon module is not loaded. See the #systemd services section for automatic loading.

/dev/vmci not found

The full error is:

First, try to manually load the modules

Try to recompile VMware kernel modules with:

Installer Fails to Start

If you just get back to the prompt when opening the .bundle, then you probably have a deprecated or broken version of the VMware installer and it should removed (you may also refer to the uninstallation section of this article):

User interface initialization failed

You may also see an error like this:

This can be fixed by either installing the ncurses5-compat-libsAUR dependency or temporarily allowing root access to X:

VMware Fails to Start

Module CPUIDEarly power on failed

Version 14 has stricter CPU requirements than version 12. If you try to start a virtual machine with an affected CPU, the following message will appear:

The solution is to uninstall version 14 and install version 12 (vmware-workstation12AUR).

When VMware was usable and this error suddenly appears it could be due to a warm/soft boot or after suspending the system. Please try a cold boot (shutting the system down and starting it again).

Segmentation fault at startup due to old Intel microcode

Old Intel microcode may result in the following kind of segmentation fault at startup:

See Microcode for how to update the microcode.

vmplayer/vmware version 14 fails to start

On systems with librsvg version 2:2.44.0 and above, the log files (located in /tmp/vmware-<id>) show several instances of the following error:

A workaround is to downgrade librsvg to earlier version, or more preferably, force VMware to use its own shipped version of librsvg:

VMware also has a VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS variable:

vmplayer/vmware fails to start from version 12.5.4

As per [1] the temporary workaround is to downgrade the package libpng to version 1.6.28-1 and keep it in the IgnorePkg parameter in /etc/pacman.conf.

An easier workaround is to make VMWare use the system's version of zlib instead of its own one:

vmplayer/vmware fails to start from version 12.5.3 to version 12.5.5

It seems to be a problem with the file /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libstdc++.so.6/libstdc++.so.6, missing CXXABI_1.3.8.

If the system have installed gcc-libs, that library is already installed. Therefore, it is possible to remove that file and vmplayer will use the one provided by gcc-libs instead. As root do:

Also there is a workaround:

vmware 12 process terminates immediately after start, no GUI is launched

Registered bug at Mageia, but it seems that there are no error messages shown in terminal with arch. When inspecting the logs, which are in /tmp/vmware-<id>, there are VMWARE_SHIPPED_LIBS_LIST is not set, VMWARE_SYSTEM_LIBS_LIST is not set, VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS is not set, VMWARE_USE_SYSTEM_LIBS is not set issues. Process simply terminates with Unable to execute /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-modconfig. after vmware or vmplayer is executed. Solution is the same, as root do:

Install Manjaro Vmware Fusion

Also there is a workaround:

Despite setting the VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS variable, VMWare may still fail to find certain libraries. An example is the libfontconfig.so.1 library. Check vmware logs in the tmp directory to see which libraries are still not found. Copy them to the appropriate path with libraries existing on the system:

Instead of copying all these files manually, you may want to try exporting an additional setting:

On systems with fontconfig version 2.13.0 and above, it may be needed to force VMware to use the shipped libfontconfig file instead of the newer system file. In such case, it is also necessary to provide a shared object library file libexpat.so.0 for the shipped fontconfig. This applies for at least VMware version 12.5.9. As root do:

Guest Issues

Unable to download VMware Tools for Guests

To download the tools manually, visit the VMware repository.

Manjaro Vmware Tools

Navigate to: 'application name / version / build ID / linux / packages/' and download the appropriate Tools.

Extract with:

And install using the VMware installer:

If the above does not work, try installing ncurses5-compat-libsAUR.

Manjaro Install Vmware Workstation

Guests have incorrect system clocks or are unable to boot: '[...]timeTracker_user.c:234 bugNr=148722'

This is due to incomplete support of power management features (Intel SpeedStep and AMD PowerNow!/Cool'n'Quiet) in VMware Linux that vary the CPU frequency. In March 2012, with the release of linux 3.3-1 the maximum frequency Performance governor was replaced with the dynamic Ondemand. When the host CPU frequency changes, the Guest system clock runs too quickly or too slowly, but may also render the whole Guest unbootable.

To prevent this, the maximum host CPU frequency can be specified, and Time Stamp Counter (TSC) disabled, in the global configuration:

Tip: To periodically correct the time (once per minute), in the Options tab of VMware Tools, enable: 'Time synchronization between the virtual machine and the host operating system'.

Networking on Guests not available after system restart

This is likely due to the vmnet module not being loaded [2]. See also the #systemd services section for automatic loading.

Strange mouse wheel behavior on Guest

This is related to the current Xorg keyboard layout on Host system. Keep primary layout (e.g., English) selected on Host while working on Guest.

No IP address and network access for nested VMs

This issue is related to promiscuous mode which, following standard Linux practice, can only be enabled by the root user. To work around these limitations, the permissions for the networking device in question have to be changed.

Give permissions to one group:

Give permissions to all users:

Uninstallation

To uninstall VMware you need the product name (either vmware-workstation or vmware-player). To list all the installed products:

Manjaro Vmware Fusion Login

and uninstall with (--required skips the confirmation):

Remember to also disable and remove the services:

Manjaro Linux Vmware

You may also want to have a look at the module directories in /usr/lib/modules/kernel_name/misc/ for any leftovers, and remove /etc/init.d/ if now empty.

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