Big Sandy, Texas, United States
|Genres||Country blues, ragtime, gospel|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songster, musician|
|Instruments||Guitar, vocals, quills (panpipes)|
|Years active||Recording career 1927–29|
Ragtime and Blues are two different styles of music that came together to make what is known as jazz music. Ragtime was more about freedom, fun, and giving the listener an elated feeling while Blue’s intent was to appeal to the listeners emotions and make them feel better about the troubles in their life. Ragtime and the Blues In the 1890s, a series of events would underscore the dramatic changes beginning to emerge in American society. 3 The first was the largest economic catastrophe to that date as the stock market crash of 1893 called into question the economic stability of the nation. Early blues songs also contained elements of ragtime, a multi-rhythmic musical genre that pretty much disappeared after the end of World War I. During the 1920s, variants of the blues were being played all over the U.S., but two strands, in particular, deserve attention.
Henry Thomas (1874–1930?) was an American country blues singer, songster and musician. Although his recording career, in the late 1920s, was brief, Thomas influenced performers including Bob Dylan, Taj Mahal, The Lovin' Spoonful, The Grateful Dead, and Canned Heat. Often billed as 'Ragtime Texas', Thomas's style is an early example of what later became known as Texas blues guitar.
Life and career
Thomas was born into a family of freed slaves in Big Sandy, Texas in 1874. He began traveling the Texas railroad lines as a hobo after leaving home in his teens. He eventually earned his way as an itinerant songster, entertaining local populaces as well as railway employees.
He recorded 24 sides for Vocalion Records between 1927 and 1929, 23 of which were released. They include reels, gospel songs, minstrel songs, ragtime numbers, and blues. Besides guitar, Thomas accompanied himself on quills, a folk instrument fabricated from cane reeds whose sound is similar to the zampona played by musicians in Peru and Bolivia. His style of playing guitar was probably derived from banjo-picking styles.
His life and career after his last recordings in 1929 have not been chronicled. Although the blues researcher Mack McCormick stated that he saw a man in Houston in 1949 who met Thomas's description, most biographers indicate that Thomas died in 1930, when he would have been 55 or 56 years old.
Thomas's legacy has been sustained by his songs, which were revived by musicians beginning in the folk music revival of the early 1960s. Among the first of these was 'Honey, Won't You Allow Me One More Chance', which was reinterpreted by Bob Dylan on the album The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan in 1963 under the title 'Honey, Just Allow Me One More Chance'. Dylan may have been introduced to Thomas through Harry Smith's 1952 compilation Anthology of American Folk Music, which includes two of Thomas' songs, 'Old Country Stomp' and 'Fishing Blues'. Dylan may have heard Thomas's song on the 1962 album Henry Thomas Sings the Texas Blues.:43 Dylan reworked the melody and almost totally rewrote the lyrics, but he credited Thomas as co-writer on his album Freewheelin'.
Thomas's song 'Fishing Blues' was recorded by the folk-rock group the Lovin' Spoonful in 1965, for their hit debut album Do You Believe in Magic. The song was recorded two years later by Jim Kweskin and members of his band, who had been playing it for several years. It was a staple in the early set-lists of the blues musician Taj Mahal and appeared on one of his first albums, De Old Folks at Home, and has since been released on Mahal's compilation albums.John Martyn included the song on his 1968 album The Tumbler. The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band also covered the song on their album Will the Circle Be Unbroken, Volume III in 2002.
Blues And Ragtime Fingerstyle Guitar
'Bull-Doze Blues', another of Thomas's Vocalion recordings, was reworked by the pianist Johnny Miller in 1927, who rewrote the words and gave it to Wingy Manone, who recorded two versions titled 'Up the Country' in December 1927 for Columbia and September 1930 for Champion Records. Except in jazz circles, it remained an obscure blues number until blues-rock group Canned Heat recorded 'Going Up the Country'. Though rearranged, the Canned Heat song is musically the same, down to a faithful rendition of Thomas's quill solos by Jim Horn. The lyrics also borrow from Blind Willie McTell's 'Statesboro Blues' (1928). Fellow band member Alan 'Blind Owl' Wilson rewrote the lyrics entirely and received credit on the song's original release in 1968 on Canned Heat's third album, Living the Blues. The next year, the group played at the Woodstock Festival. The live performance of 'Going Up the Country' was featured in the motion picture Woodstock and appeared as the second cut on the soundtrack album.
'Don't Ease Me In' was covered by the Grateful Dead on their album Go to Heaven. Thomas's recording of 'Don't Ease Me In' is included on the compilation album The Music Never Stopped: Roots of the Grateful Dead.
Thomas's arrangement of 'Cottonfield Blues' was performed by the early Delta blues musicians Garfield Akers and Mississippi Joe Callicott in 1929.
In 1966, the Lovin' Spoonful included an original song entitled 'Henry Thomas' on their album Hums of the Lovin' Spoonful.
In 1987, the band Brendan Croker and The 5 O'Clock Shadows included a song entitled 'Henry Thomas (Deceased)' on their album Boat Trips in the Bay.
In 1993, the band Deacon Blue included a song entitled 'Last Night I Dreamed of Henry Thomas' on their album Whatever You Say, Say Nothing.
In 2018, Charley Crockett dedicated his album, Lonesome as a Shadow, to Thomas.
Jazz Blues And Ragtime
Thomas recorded 24 sides for Vocalion Records, 23 of which were released. The following list is ordered by date of release; dates of recording are given after the song titles.
- 1927 – 'John Henry' / 'Cottonfield Blues', June 30, 1927, in Chicago, Vocalion 1094
- 1927 – 'The Fox and the Hounds' / 'Red River Blues', October 5, 1927, in Chicago, Vocalion 1137
- 1927 – 'The Little Red Caboose' / 'Bob McKinney, October 5, 1927, in Chicago, Vocalion 1138
- 1927 – 'Shanty Blues' / 'Woodhouse Blues', October 7, 1927, in Chicago, Vocalion 1139
- 1927 – 'Jonah in the Wilderness' / 'When the Train Comes Along', October 7, 1927 in Chicago, Vocalion 1140
- 1927 – 'Honey, Won't You Allow Me One More Chance' / 'Run, Mollie, Run', October 7, 1927, in Chicago, Vocalion 1141
- 1928 – 'Don't Ease Me In' / 'Texas Easy Street Blues', June 13, 1928, in Chicago, Vocalion 1197
- 1928 – 'Bull-Doze Blues' / 'Old Country Stomp', June 13, 1928, in Chicago, Vocalion 1230
- 1928 – 'Texas Worried Blues' / 'Fishing Blues', June 13, 1928, in Chicago, Vocalion 1249
- 1928 – 'Arkansas', July 1, 1927, in Chicago, b/wGeorgia Tom and Tampa Red, 'Lonesome Man Blues', Vocalion 1286
- 1929 – 'Railroadin' Some' / 'Don't Leave Me Here', October 7, 1929, in Chicago, Vocalion 1443
- 1929 – 'Charmin' Betsy' / 'Lovin' Babe', October 7, 1929, in Chicago, Vocalion 1468
- ^ abcShadwick, Keith (2001). 'Henry Thomas'. Encyclopedia of Jazz & Blues. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Quintet Publishing. p. 650. ISBN1-86155-385-4.
- ^Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN1-904041-96-5.
- ^ abc'Henry Thomas Discography'. Wirz.de. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- ^ abJohnson, Greg (February 1999). 'Henry 'Ragtime Texas' Thomas'. BluesNotes. Cascade Blues Association. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- ^ abPearson, Barry Lee. 'Henry Thomas: Biography'. Allmusic.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- ^Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 176. ISBN1-85868-255-X.
- ^Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. p. 310. ISBN978-0313344237.
- ^ abTrager, Oliver (2004). Keys to the Rain. Billboard Books. pp. 256–258. ISBN0-8230-7974-0.
- ^Henry Thomas – Sings the Texas Blues 1927–28 at Discogs (list of releases)
- ^Harvey, Todd (October 1, 2001). The Formative Dylan: Transmission and Stylistic Influences, 1961–1963. Scarecrow Press. ISBN978-0810841154.
- ^Ruhlmann, William. 'Lovin' Spoonful, Do You Believe in Magic?'. Allmusic.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- ^Planer, Lindsay. 'Taj Mahal, Giant Step'. Allmusic.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- ^Planer, Lindsay. 'Taj Mahal, 'Fishin' Blues''. Allmusic.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- ^Doerschuk, Robert L. 'Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Will the Circle Be Unbroken, Vol. 3'. Allmusic.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- ^'Champion 40000-Series 78rpm Numerical Listing Discography'. 78discography.com. January 4, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- ^Up the Country (Music, 1937). WorldCat.org. February 22, 1999. OCLC182721103.
- ^Darling, Cary (May 8, 2018). 'Talking music, race and Texas with Charley Crockett'. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
- ^'1000–1500 (1926–1930)'. 78discography.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Henry Thomas from the Handbook of Texas Online
The actual structure of the style of music makes one value it even more. Mechanically, the blues operates on a 4/4 rhythm and a twelve-bar pattern, divided equally into three four-measure phrases. Also, the Blues melodic style focuses mostly on the vocals than the instrumental aspect. In addition, the Blues scale is located in the key of C and the lowered third and seventh scale steps are usually referred to as the “blue notes”. A large portion of Blues music is improvised using the 4/4 rhythm and twelve-bar pattern as a general format. The dawn of the Blues can be traced back to the final decade of the 1800s to the Deep South. For the first time in American history, African-Americans had developed their own genre of music. The Blues represented “the cries of the people who had nothing, who seemed to get nothing no matter how hard they tried, and whose lives seemed hopeless” (Haskins 34). The main influence of the blues germinated back to the early days before the Civil War where slaves sang while working tirelessly in the fields of the plantation. The slaves who originally came from West Africa to America brought over their