1920s Ragtime

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1920s ragtime music
  1. 1920 Ragtime Music
  2. 1920s Ragtime Music
  3. 1920s Jazz Age
  4. 1920s Jazz Songs

Jazz largely surpassed ragtime in mainstream popularity in the early 1920s, although ragtime compositions continue to be written up to the present, and periodic revivals of popular interest in ragtime occurred in the 1950s and the 1970s. The heyday of ragtime occurred before sound recording was widely available. Jan 23, 1992 The happy, rhythmically infectious music known as ragtime flourished internationally between the late 1890s and 1920. During the genre's most popular period, 1910-1920, patrons could drop a coin in a player piano and hear the latest by Eubie Blake and Jelly Roll Morton. To really know the roots of 1920s music, you must start with the King Oliver Creole Band, which played primarily on the South Side of Chicago. These were the haunts of gangsters like Al Capone and Lucky Luciano. King Oliver brought together a blend of multiple styles like marches and 'ragtime' and mixed in the blues and pop songs of the 1920s. Considered the first completely American music, ragtime was popular towards the end of the 19th century and into the first two decades of the 20th century, roughly 1893 to 1917. It is the style of music that preceded jazz. Its rhythms made it lively and springy, and therefore ideal for dancing. Black (M) and Fred Fisher (L) - 1920 A follow up to the wildly successful Dardanella, this song has more of a jazz feel to it than it does blues, so is really a blues in name only. Johnny Black's innovative bass pattern is used liberally throughout the verse and chorus, linking it to the original song.

Musicians who are notable for their playing of ragtime music include (in alphabetical order):

  • William Albright (1944-1998)
  • John Arpin (1936–2007)
  • Winifred Atwell (1914–1983)
  • Mary Aufderheide (1888-1972)
  • Irving Berlin (1901–1989)
  • Mike Bernard (1881–1936)
  • Arthur 'Blind' Blake (1896-1934)
  • Eubie Blake (1887–1983)
  • William Bolcom (1938–)
  • Euday L. Bowman (1887-1949)
  • Lou Busch (1910–1979)
  • Jo Ann Castle (1939–)
  • Louis Chauvin (1881–1908)
  • Zez Confrey (1895–1971)
  • Ford Dabney (1883–1958)
  • James Reese Europe (1880–1919)
  • William Ezell (1892–1963)
  • Blind Leroy Garnett (1897–1933)
  • Gene Greene (1881–1930)
  • Ben Harney (1872–1938)
  • Ernest Hogan (1865–1909)
  • Dick Hyman (1927–)
  • Tony Jackson (1876–1921)
  • Chas. Johnson (1876-1950)
  • James P. Johnson (1894–1955)
  • Scott Joplin (1867–1917)
  • Sue Keller (1952–)
  • Joseph Lamb (1887–1960)
  • George Lewis (1900–1968)
  • Johnny Maddox (1927–2018)
  • Arthur Marshall, (1881-1968)
  • Artie Matthews (1888-1958)
  • Blind Willie McTell (1898-1959)
  • John Mooney (1955–)
  • Julia Lee Niebergall (1886-1968)
  • Jelly Roll Morton (1890–1941)
  • Vess Ossman (1868–1923)
  • Harry Reser (1896–1965)
  • David Thomas Roberts (1955–)
  • Wally Rose (1913–1997)
  • Joshua Rifkin (1944–)
  • James Scott (1885–1938)
  • Muggsy Spanier (1901–1967)
  • Charley Straight (1891–1940)
  • Adam G. Swanson (20?? - )
  • Wilbur Sweatman (1882–1961)
  • Charlie Tagawa (1935-2017)
  • Butch Thompson (1943-)
  • Tom Turpin (1871-1922)
  • Fred Van Eps (1913–1998)
  • Dave Van Ronk (1936-2002)
  • Terry Waldo (1944-)
  • Fats Waller (1904–1943)
  • Del Wood (1920–1989)
  • Dick Zimmerman (1937–)

See also[edit]

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_ragtime_musicians&oldid=1012955277'

Jack Ross (Gary Carr) in Downton Abbey, and the Louis Lester Band (Louis Lester is played by Chiwetel Ejiofor) in Dancing on the Edge, both give us a peek at the infiltration of not just jazz music, but black jazz musicians, into British society of the 1920s and 1930s. Though jazz music burst into mainstream Britain in 1919, with the arrival of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band, the popularity of ragtime music in the Edwardian era laid the foundations for the acceptance of this syncopated music and its black (and sometimes white) musicians. During most of the First World War, Dan Kildare and his orchestra made Ciro’s nightclub the place to be for a spot of after hours fun–and drinking after curfew. Kildare, an American of Jamaican heritage, first earned his stripes in James Reese Europe’s venerable Clef Club Orchestra (the first black orchestra and first jazz musicians to play at Carnegie Hall in 1912) before taking the group–after Europe resigned to form the Tempo Club–to Joan Sawyer’s Persian Garden.

Sawyer, a popular ragtime dancer, and Kildare collaborated on the earliest ragtime-jazz recordings after James Reese Europe’s recordings–Europe directed Vernon and Irene Castle’s official band–ignited the music industry. Kildare’s success was short-lived due to the union and racial politics of the day, which penalized the many non-union black musicians playing at the nightclubs popping up across New York City. In early 1915, Dan Kildare and his orchestra sailed for England on the White Star Line’s Megantic, and made for London, where “they had a contract for a year’s engagement at the elegant new Ciro’s Restaurant.” WWI was England’s first brush with the stirrings of jazz music, which, incidentally happened almost concurrently with France’s introduction to jazz via the African-American troops attached to the French army in 1917-1918.

1920s Ragtime

However, this was not England’s first brush with popular black performers. As early as 1903, the Williams and Walker Company’s ragtime musical, In Dahomey, smashed records on Broadway and in London’s theaterland, thus earning the company an invitation from King Edward VII for a command performance at Buckingham Palace. Other popular black entertainers of the Edwardian era included Billy McClain, Belle Davis, the Native Choir from Jamaica, and various choral groups loosely linked to the famous Fisk Jubilee Singers, to name a few. Black entertainers first brought spirituals and gospel to British audiences, then ragtime, and finally, jazz.

That said, the first jazz band to hit the mainstream, The Original Dixieland Jass Band (Jazz in 1917), was made up of white American musicians. The ODJB brought the New Orleans style jazz to prominence via recordings, and took society by storm. At the same time, the all-black Southern Syncopated Orchestra (which was made up of black Brits, West Indians, and black Americans) made serious strides in popularizing jazz music. Both bands became staples at nightclubs and private society parties, and the American-loving, very hip Prince of Wales (future Edward VIII) followed his grandfather’s suit by inviting the SSO to play at Buckingham Palace.

The jazz age, the era of the Bright Young Things, was a reaction against the slaughter of WWI and the Edwardian values that–according to the youth of the day–led to senseless war. According the Catherine Parsonage, “[i]n the 1920s, the perceived simplicity and freedom of black culture could be something desirable for whites to emulate, rather than just observe or imitate, and jazz ‘seemed to promise cultural as well as musical freedom’ for young people.” By 1926, “the Royal Albert Hall was hosting a Charleston ball, and the magazine, the Melody Maker, was actively promoting American jazz in Britain.” And by the late 1920s and early 1930s, the advent of the BBC and the increased quality of gramophone records both made jazz a bit more “respectable” (that is, acceptable in middle class drawing rooms), especially when all classes made a habit of dancing to the radio. The Prince of Wales and his brothers further led the way with the enthusiastic taking up of popular black jazz musicians and singers like Duke Ellington and Florence Mills (Mills was one of the Duke of Kent’s rumored conquests)–though aristocratic shipping heiress Nancy Cunard was considered to have taken the mingling with black entertainers a bit too far with her romantic liaison with Henry Crowder and her vocal civil rights activism.

1920 Ragtime Music

By the closing of the Jazz Age, the music that gave the era its name had carved a place for itself in the gramophones, nightclubs, and radios of British listeners, and gave its musicians equal prominence in a time where the barriers between entertainers and Society broke away from their pre-war boundaries.

1920s Ragtime Music

Sources

1920s Jazz Age

Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 1890-1919 by Tim Brooks & Richard Keith Spottswood
Who’s Who of British Jazz: 2nd Edition edited by John Chilton
The Evolution of Jazz in Britain, 1880-1935 by Catherine Parsonage
Black Edwardians: Black People in Britain 1901-1914 by Jeffrey Green
A Life in Ragtime: A Biography of James Reese Europe by Reid Badger
Historical Dictionary of Anglo-American Relations by Sylvia Ellis
Harlem in Montmartre: A Paris Jazz Story Between the Great Wars by William A. Shack
Dancing on the Edge: what was life really like for black jazz bands in 1930s Britain?

1920s Jazz Songs

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